Top 5 Plastics Used in the Automotive Industry

Top 5 Plastics Used in the Automotive Industry

According to a recent study, for every 10% reduction in vehicle’s weight, it reduces fuel usage by 6 to 8%. Automobile makers are currently adopting more modern plastic materials to reduce weight and improve fuel efficiency as a result of current environmental and economic concerns.

Advantages that these advanced plastics used in transport vehicle are:

  • Improved safety and comfort
  • Fuel efficiency
  • Flexibility in integrating components
  • Design freedom
  • Weight Reduction

Below are the top 5 plastics used in automotive production.

  • Polyethylene: Polyethylene has a strong impact resistance, a low density, and a high degree of toughness. It’s very cost-effective, moisture-resistant, and may be used in a variety of thermoplastic processing processes. Electrical insulation and reinforced glass are two examples of its uses. Because of the numerous advantages they provide, high-performance polymers will continue to play an important role in the automobile industry.
  • Poly-Vinyl Chloride: PVC is known for its flexibility, has great thermal stability, is flame retardant, and has extremely low lead content. It can be injection molded, compression molded, blow molded to create a multitude of rigid or flexible plastic products depending on the type and amount of plasticizers used. It is used to make automobile doors, sheathing electrical cables, and instrument panels. 
  • ABS: ABS is popular because of its inexpensive production cost and the simplicity with which plastic makers can machine it. Styrene and acrylonitrile are polymerized to create it. Furthermore, the styrene imparts a gleaming, impermeable surface to the plastic. It performs magnificently at high and low temperatures, has excellent insulating capabilities, and is simple to paint and glue. Dashboards, wheel covers, and vehicle body parts are just a few of the instances where it’s used. 
  • Polystyrene: Electrical and chemical resistance is extraordinary in polystyrene. It’s simple to make, has a high elasticity, and softens when heated above the glass transition temperature. Strength, elongation, impact strength, toughness, and modulus are some of its mechanical qualities. It can be found in automotive accessories, display bases, and buttons. 
  • Polycarbonate: Thermal, electrical, impact, optical, and weathering qualities of polycarbonate are outstanding. It combines hardness, stiffness, and toughness in a unique way. It’s a popular choice for headlight lenses, bumpers, helmets, and bullet-proof glass because of its exceptional impact strength.

California Plastics has one of the broadest lines of thermoplastics in the plastics industry. We are experienced in crystalline and amorphous engineering thermoplastics and offer multiple suppliers for every type of base polymer. In addition, we also supply custom compounds, pre-colored resins, color concentrates, and additives. Contact us today for all your plastic needs nationwide.